Month: November 2017

Why You Have Poor Eyesight

mimin November 16, 2017 Health

One of the most overlooked health care concerns relates to paying attention to taking care of the health of our visual system. A few health issues that are of vital concern include the maintenance of your heart health, maintaining healthy blood sugar levels and keeping your weight at healthy levels. However, due to the fact that these health factors are given a greater level of priority we often become complacent about what we need to pay attention to in terms of taking care of the health of our visual system. You may be asking the question: What are the root causes of your vision problems. If this is a subject of vital concern to you here is some information that you will find useful in determining what are the factors that are responsible for your vision problems.

Poor Diet: the lack of attention to eating a healthy diet is one of the main factors that play a role in the worsening of your eyesight. The American diet is deficient in foods that consist of omega 3- Fatty acids. The typical American diet is rich in saturated fat and consists mainly of simple carbohydrates such as white bread, macaroni and fast foods that are high in saturated fats.

Lack of Attention To Practicing Eye Relaxation Techniques: One of the main causes of poor eyesight is associated with excessive close up work on the computer whereby the eyes are not receiving the care that they need that is essential in relieving stress and tension in the visual system. Often, this is associated with the excessive use of technological devices such as smart phones, computers, tablets, ereaders and laptops. This problem that is associated with eye strain is something that is a major contributing factor to the worsening of your eyesight and can be relieved by taking regular periodic breaks from your close up work.

The Negative Effects of Blue Light from Digital Devices: digital devices such as smartphones and tablets and laptops emit blue light that can have a negative effect on the macular of the eyes which is the part of your visual system that controls central vision and also enables you to read fine print and recognize details in faces.

Lack of eye exercises: when we think about exercise we only focus on a certain type of physical activity that is associated with weightlifting, aerobics, jogging and running. While such regular fitness routines develop and build muscle that improves physical performance there is another type of exercise that improves visual performance.

However, did you know that your eyes also need exercise in order to function efficiently so that you can see near and distant objects clearly? The accumulation of strain resulting from excessive close up work over a prolonged period of time in our colleges and universities weakens our eye muscles that are responsible for helping us to focus on both near and distant objects. These eye muscles can be restrengthen by pursuing an effective eye exercise program to improve your vision naturally.

Major health factors such as heart health, diabetes and weight control are the main priorities in terms of the maintenance of our health care. However, in the process of paying attention to these health problems we should not neglect the care of our visual system due to the fact that everything that we do in this life depends on having healthy eyesight. Therefore, it is necessary to examine the various factors that are associated with poor eyesight that require attention so that we can improve the quality of our lives. These factors include poor diet, lack of relaxation techniques to relieve stress and tension in the visual system, lack of eye exercises and the negative effects associated with blue light emitted from digital devices. A comprehensive and effective program of eye exercises can enable us to achieve the goal that we need to accomplish for better natural vision.

First Thing To Do When Get Eye Injuries

mimin November 5, 2017 Health , , ,

The eyes are a direct extension of the brain and their surrounding tissues are among the body’s most delicate and complex structures. This is why an injury to the eye, however innocuous it may appear, could be a sight-threatening emergency. Here’s what you can do before you get to medical attention:

Poets may think of the eyes as a window to the soul, but from a more practical standpoint, they are also our window to the world. And, to a physician, they are a window to the rest of the body since general health/ill-health is reflected in the eyes.

Though the reflexes of the eyelids are very well-developed, and despite the protection offered to the eyes by their bony sockets called the orbits, the eyes are highly vulnerable to injury – the prime cause of one-eyed blindness, especially among children.

What makes quick medical attention imperative is that often there is much more to an eye injury than meets the eye. An apparently minor injury with minimal evidence of tissue damage or vision disturbance can turn out to be a sight-threatening crisis. This is especially so in case of a small, unrecognisable foreign body which brings on a hidden penetrating wound to the globe of the eye says ophthalmic microsurgeon and contact lens specialist. “Even if there is no cosmetic disfigurement or vision impairment after an eye injury, it requires quick medical attention as the time factor plays a crucial role in the prognosis (outcome). In case of an injury to the retina (which could detach spontaneously), every moment’s delay could reduce the chances of sight-saving repairs.”

Here are some of the injuries you should keep an eye out for:

FOREIGN PARTICLES

The incidence of this type of superficial injury is higher among children who play in dusty environment and among factory workers like welders and grinders who are susceptible to injuries from metal particles.

Symptoms: Pain, sometimes a shooting pain, a blurring of vision, watering, redness; or the injury could be asymptomatic.

DO NOT rub the eye as this may force the foreign body in deeper. Do not scratch the eyelid or eyeball.

What to do: If the object is visible, lift it out carefully with corner of a moistened clean cloth or ear bud. If the object is visible, lift it out carefully with the corner of a moistened clean cloth or ear bud. If the object still remains, flush the eye with water. If it cannot be dislodged or seen, lightly cover the eye with a 2”x2” sterile gauze (preferably a sterile eye-pad available at the chemist) and seal it with a plaster or cellotape. Take the person to an ophthalmologist.

CONTUSION (BLACK EYE)

This is the result of an impact with a blunt object like a fist or stone, or a collision against a hard surface like a door or a person. If a retinal tear occurs in an elderly person (those with innately weak retinas, the near-sighted and those suffering from hypertension are more susceptible) quick detection and sealing of the tear by laser or cryosurgery could prevent a calamity like retinal detachment. In young persons, the retina takes longer to detach itself – it could take a couple of weeks or months after the injury for the vitreous, the jelly that holds the retina in place, to liquefy.

Symptoms: The eyelid and the surrounding tissues begin to swell and look bruised (blue). The eye may be bloodshot which indicates a haemorrhage below the conjunctiva (the colourless membrane that covers the globe) or the breakage of a superficial blood vessel. In case of a retinal tear, victims may report flashes, floaters, loss of vision or a “veil” over part or all of the visual field. If the person reports double vision, the damage may be very serious.

What to do:

  • If the person wears lenses remove them first because the lens may jeopardise the oxygenation (breathing) of the cornea especially if there is a large contusion in the conjunctiva which could lead to impaired circulation and damage to the cornea.
  • Apply an ice compress by placing crushed ice in a clean handkerchief and applying it over the affected eye.
  • Take the person to an ophthalmologist as soon as possible to rule out internal eye bleeding, vitreous haemorrhage (bleeding into the vitreous) and retinal injury.

In the event of internal eye bleeding in the front portion of the eye (hyphema), regular – perhaps daily – visits to the ophthalmologist may be needed to check the eye pressure (the pressure of the aqueous fluid movement in the eye). If the internal bleeding is accompanied by persistently high pressure, it may lead to permanent clouding of the cornea (called ‘blood staining’) which is irreversible and may result in blindness unless corneal grafting (grafting of a donor cornea from a dead person) is done.ABRASIONS

These are scratches on the surface of the cornea caused by a blow from a blunt object, by fumes from burning food, by spluttering oil or by a stray, airborne foreign particle.

If a contact lens wearer suddenly develops severe pain, photophobia (an intolerance to light), watering and redness, it could be due to an abrasion caused by the lens especially if the symptoms are uniocular (occurring in one eye).

Pregnant and lactating women who wear contact lenses should always be watchful of abrasions as they are more prone to corneal oedema (swelling of the cornea due to hormonal changes) and abrasions.

Symptoms: Pain, sometimes a shooting pain, pricking (foreign body sensation) watering and redness; or the injury could be asymptomatic.

DO NOT rub the eye as the action may worsen the abrasions or force the foreign particle in deeper.

Do not scratch the eyelid or eyeball.

What to do: Contact lens wearers should remove the lenses as soon as possible. If the particle is visible, lift it out carefully with the corner of a moistened clean cloth or ear bud. If the object still remains, irrigate the eye with clean water from the inner corner of the eye (near the nose) in an attempt to flush out the foreign body. If the object cannot be seen, use an antibiotic eye ointment if available. Lightly cover the eye with a 2”’x2” sterile gauze and seal with a plaster or cellotape. Do not use corticosteroids as they could aggravate the abrasion or result in corneal ulceration (pits). Take the person to an ophthalmologist.

LACERATIONS

These result from an injury by a blunt or by a sharp, penetrating object. They constitute an eye emergency and require immediate hospitalization and treatment. Lacerations on the sclera (the white, opaque, outer coat of the eye) are worse than those on the accessible cornea because scleral tears are usually accompanied by damage to the choroid (the dark, vascular membrane between the sclera and the retina), the retina and the vitreous – all vital performers.

Symptoms: these depend on the size and extent of the laceration. If the laceration is large (as in case of a major accident) the eyeball may appear mutilated and there might be external haemorrhage (blood pouring out of the eye), accompanied by severe pain.

What to do: Lightly pad the eye with clean gauze and rush the person to an eye hospital. In all cases of lacerations, immediate hospitalization is required. If the optic nerve is involved, it could invite infection to the brain.

PUNCTURE

A wound or hole caused by the lodging of a foreign object in the eye is common among children playing with missiles such as darts, needles, pellets and arrows, and among factory workers.

Symptoms: pain, watery eye, blurring or loss of vision. The puncture caused by the object may or may not be visible.

DO NOT venture to remove an impaled object such as a needle or a sharp piece of metal from the eye as it could bring on infection. Besides, if the vitreous leaks it cannot be restored or replaced by the body and may cause blindness. The object should be detached within the aseptic confines of an operation theatre.

What to do: Lightly cover the affected eye and preferably the other eye as well because, when one eye moves, the other eye duplicated the movement (sympathetic eye movement), which could worsen the damage. Rush the person to a hospital as any delay could trigger an infection not only to the eye but also to the brain via the optic nerve (especially if it is served) which may bring on brain abscess or meningitis.

At the hospital, sophisticated tests like sonography or a CAT scan may need to be done to pinpoint the extent of damage and to detect any hidden object is not visible and hence left in, it could lead to sympathetic ophthalmia, a condition which brings on violent inflammation in the uninjured eye weeks to months after the injury.

BURNS

Heat (fire) is the commonest cause of eye burns, other culprits being electric shock, chemical (acids and alkalis), and fumes.

Symptoms: Severe pain photophobia, swelling of the eyelids and surrounding evidence of burns.

What to do: Chemical burns: Vigorously irrigate the eyes for 10 to 15 minutes. Liberally smear an antibiotic ointment in the eye, cover the eye with a loose moist dressing, and seal with cellotape or a plaster.

Rush the person to the nearest hospital, preferably a burns hospital if there is one in the vicinity. Often, when burns over the rest of the body are serious, the eyes are neglected as the attending team tends to concentrate on the skin burns especially if they are third-degree. But,, adding the eyes to the list of permanent burns deformities can be avoided. Quickly cover the eyes to protect the cornea from drying from exposure and absence of tear secretion (if the tear glands are damaged). Symptoms of ‘dry eye’ can be treated by frequent installation of artificial tears (Moisol) and lubricating ointments.

AVULSIONS

Ina serious accident in which the orbital roof or the orbital floor is fractured, the eye-ball may pop out of the socket.

Symptoms: The patient is usually unconscious. The eye may pop out partially or hang out of the socket.

DO NOT venture to push the eye back into the socket.

What to do: If the person is unconscious, close the uninjured eye if it is open as an unconscious person has no involuntary blinking action to sweep tears across the exposed portions of the eyes. An unprotected eye will dry out quickly and become susceptible to permanent damage. Even if only one eye is avulsed, cover both the eyes with gauze and rush the person to a hospital.

EYELID INJURIES

These occur when the lids are either lacerated or contused by a collison, stray stone or an accident.

Symptoms: The lid is swollen and bruised. There may be bleeding from the tear.

What to do: Close the affected eye. Apply a cold compress to stop the bleeding. Pad the eye with clean gauze and take the person to an eye specialist. The tear would require stitching in layers for a good alignment with minimal scarring. If the tear duct has been damaged, it may need to be reconstructed.

Severe lacerations of the lower eyelid may lead to interruptions of the tear drainage system, so do not delay treatment.

DAMAGE TO A FALSE EYE

This may be caused by a severe blow.

What to do: Separate the eyelids and manually remove the loose pieces.

Transport the person to a hospital. If the injury is severe and the socket has been lacerated, it may need to be sutured.

ARTERIOSCLEROTIC INVADERS

Small chips breaking off the wall of arteriosclerotic (plaque-thickened) blood vessels elsewhere in the body can lodge in the central retinal artery or in smaller blood vessels.

Symptoms: Total blindness if the lodgement is in the central retinal artery; and blurred vision if it is in the smaller vessels.

What to do: This is a dire emergency and the person should be rushed to a hospital without delay. If the fluid from the anterior (forward) chamber of the eye is aspirated promptly, i.e. within 30 minutes of the occlusion, it may restore some vision. But this is rare, and the usual outcome of central retinal occlusion is complete and permanent loss of vision.

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The Reason Why Almonds Is Good For Our Health

mimin November 3, 2017 Health

Almonds are the oldest and most widely grown nuts in the world. Incorporating them into your diet will add value to your total wellness and this piece tends to expose the great benefits you can derive from doing this.

Almonds contain healthy fats that give your body the necessary energy and fuel it needs for daily activities. It is important to note that not all fat makes you fat. There are bad fats like trans fats (found in fried, fatty foods) which are not that good for the body. But there are good ones that are very essential for your survival and wellbeing.

Furthermore, eating almonds lowers your risk of having a heart attack. They help in reducing bad cholesterol levels and prevent dangerous blood clotting. They contain flavonoids which prevent the artery wall from damage and work with other vitamins to boost the cardiovascular system. Research shows that the consumption of nuts at least five times every week reduces the risk having a heart attack by 50%.

It has also been proved that almonds help in keeping the blood sugar levels regulated and prevent the insulin from spiking when they are taken after meals. They are a great snack for those who want to stay away from sugary, processed foods. They can also help you to reduce your craving for sugary snacks if you take them during the day.

In addition, almonds contain phosphorus which is very essential in building as well as maintaining strong bones and phosphorus also helps in strengthening your teeth. Almonds are also good for your brain. They contain vitamin E, riboflavin and L-carnitine which are nutrients that help in maintaining cognitive abilities through aging. They boost the overall brain activity and reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease.

It is generally agreed that diseases cannot thrive in an alkaline environment, hence, your body needs to be slightly more alkaline than acidic and maintaining this pH is very vital for feeling good and living free of illness. The good news here is that almonds are one of the only nuts that have an alkalizing effect on your body.

Almonds can be taken raw, soaked and in powdery form. Their oil is well-known in ayurvedic cooking because of its smoothness and soft flavour. Their flour is a great alternative for cooking as well as baking because it bakes more easily and has a great taste. Their milk can also be an alternative for you if you really need to stay away from animal milk.

Benefit Fitness For Your Eyes

mimin November 2, 2017 Health ,

The benefits of exercise are essential for healthy living. One of the benefits of exercise includes an improvement in your ability to excel in sporting activities such as football and basketball. Exercise provides us with the energy that we need in order to accomplish daily tasks that are important to us in life. Some health benefits of exercise include the maintenance of healthy blood pressure levels, better work performance and an improvement in brain function. However, have you ever wondered whether or not exercise helps to improve your vision health? Here is some information that you are going to find useful in applying a fitness routine to your daily schedule that will enable you to improve your vision naturally while improving your general health.

Jogging: Jogging is a fitness routine that you can incorporate into your daily schedule. This is a form of exercise that will help you to improve your blood pressure and energy levels at the same time. It is important to maintain healthy blood pressure levels due to the fact that a healthy working cardiovascular system equals a healthy working visual system. This is due to the fact that healthy blood pressure levels increases circulation to the blood vessels to the eyes. This can improve the function of the various parts of the visual system for better vision health. Jogging 5 times a week for about 20 minutes a day can enable you to accomplish your fitness goals and your vision improvement goals at the same time.

Running: Running is an exercise that helps you to improve your athletic performance and by including this fitness routine in your daily schedule you will find that this exercise strengthens your cardiovascular system and even provides you with benefits that are associated with rejuvenation. This exercise improves the health of your eyes. The various parts of the eyes such as the eye lens and the vitreous humor function in a health full way when you maintain a consistent fitness routine. If the eye lens is not healthy there is a likelihood that you can develop problems associated with poor eyesight due to the fact that maintaining a consistent fitness routine helps to ensure that this particular part of the eyes remains clear.

The benefits of exercise includes better cardiovascular health, an improvement in energy levels and better brain health. These health benefits also extend to improving the health of the various parts of the visual system for better vision. By incorporating such a fitness routine into your daily schedule you are able to do the things that you need to do to maintain healthy eyesight and reduce the likelihood of the development of vision health problems.

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